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The Resuscitation and Defibrillation course

The students of the fifth year have completed a resuscitation and defibrillation course in case of a heart attack. The initiative was taken by the 5th electronics class after their beloved teacher and class coordinator Davor Pečenko passed away after a heart attack. The students themselves had got in touch with the local medical unit, with whom the school then signed an agreement that for the first time in a Trieste high school organized a course to teach the fundamental procedures for resuscitation with defibrillation (BLS-D Basic Life Support – Defibrillation). This type of course is standardized and at the end the participants are certified to use a defibrillator. Even though these courses are commonly organized at sports clubs and centres, they are new for a school environment.

Resuscitation training for those who don't have a specific medical background proceeds according to international standards. It consists of a five-hour theoretical-practical part and the content and the ratio between the participants and trainers is strictly determined.

Twenty students of the 5th year and four teachers and staff of the school Stefan have learnt how to recognize different situations when immediate resuscitation before the arrival of a rescue unit is crucial. Moreover, they have learnt the protocols and the conditions required in order to be effective at resuscitation.

Until recent times, the use of a defibrillator was limited to medical staff. The wider spread of automatic defibrillators at key positions such as sports halls, stations, airports and shopping centres enables people even without medical training to intervene in case of a heart attack. In the first phase, BLS-D protocol involves the immediate recognition of acute coronary syndrome, unconsciousness and checking for breathing. In the second phase, it teaches the right procedure to ensure the maintenance of unobstructed breathing and artificial breathing techniques, external hand massage of the heart, the use of the automatic external defibrillator and how to proceed in case of choking.

Nowadays, we are greatly exposed to the risks of heart attack for a number of reasons. In Europe, 40% of all deaths among those younger than 75 is because of heart and vascular diseases. The data show that in Italy one inhabitant out of 1000 has a heart attack every year. As correct and prompt intervention is closely connected to the chances of survival, it is important that a greater number of the population is trained in resuscitation techniques. Therefore, the local medical unit wishes that such training will be repeated also with the students and staff of other schools in Trieste.